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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse can lead to a variety of disorders

Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more organs inside the pelvis slip from their positions. Normally, muscles and tissues in the pelvic region support the pelvic organs and hold them in place. When the muscles fail, this can lead to a variety of disorders. 

There are several pelvic organ prolapse causes, including:

  • Vaginal childbirth
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Trastornos del tejido conectivo
  • Advanced age
  • Obesidad
  • Smoking
  • Strain from constant constipation
  • Trauma to the pelvic area
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Specialized care for pelvic organ prolapse

Often, those suffering from the pain and discomfort of pelvic floor dysfunction are either too embarrassed to discuss their symptoms or believe there is no remedy for them.

At Baylor Scott & White Health, pelvic floor disorder patients receive a personalized treatment plan from a team of pelvic health experts who evaluate each patient’s medical history and recommend a care plan. Specialists on the medical staff provide individualized non-surgical and surgical options to meet your needs, manage symptoms and resolve any discomfort or embarrassment caused by a pelvic floor disorder.

Types of pelvic organ prolapse our specialists treat
When the top of the vagina weakens and collapses into the vaginal canal.
When the pelvic muscle, tissue and ligaments weaken, causing the uterus can drop down into the vaginal canal.
When the small intestine pushes into the top of the vagina, creating a bulge.
When the wall between the rectum and vagina weakens, causing the rectum to sag and bulge into the vagina.
Cystocele (Bladder)
When the wall between the bladder and vagina weakens, causing the bladder to drop or sag into the vagina.
The inability to control the passage of urine, ranging from an occasional leakage to a complete inability to hold any urine.

More about urinary incontinence

Types of pelvic organ prolapse our specialists treat:

  • Incontinence​
  • Uterine prolapse​
  • Cystocele​
  • Rectocele
  • Enterocele​
  • Vaginal vault prolapse
  • Bladder prolapse

Advanced pelvic organ prolapse treatment options

The pelvic organ prolapse treatment we offer here typically includes non-surgical options. However, for some patients, pelvic organ prolapse surgery is the best option. In most cases, laparoscopic or robotic surgery options—which are less invasive and provide faster recovery—are available. Another pelvic organ prolapse treatment is abdominal repair, which often can be minimally invasive using robotic or laparoscopic techniques.

Each patient's pelvic organ prolapse treatment plan will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type of pelvic organ prolapse and personal preferences.

  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Robot-assisted surgery
  • Pelvic floor therapy
  • Pessary (a supportive vaginal insert)
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  • Strengthen pelvic floor muscles to combat pain and urinary incontinence

    Pelvic floor muscle weakness and tension contribute to pelvic pain and urinary incontinence. Postural and joint alignment problems can prevent your muscles from working optimally for you.

Men have unique health concerns and needs when it comes to pelvic health issues

Men and women may experience pelvic floor dysfunction differently.

For men, pelvic floor dysfunction can coexist with other conditions that affect them, including:

  • Male urinary dysfunction
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Prostatitis
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