Due to the current high levels of obesity among all US age-groups, and the lack of success with non-surgical weight loss methods, bariatric surgery is becoming a significant option for severely obese patients.
How Prevalent Is Obesity?
An estimated 61.3 million American adults (30.5 percent) are obese. Severe obesity is also on the rise. An estimated 9.6 million adults have a body mass index (BMI) of 35-40, while 6 million American adults are morbidly obese (BMI 40+). (Source: US Census 2000; NHANES III data estimates)
How Does Obesity Affect Health?
Excessive body fat (obesity), leads to a number of health risks including an increased risk of premature death. Obese patients (BMI 30+) are estimated to have a 50-100 percent increased risk of death from all causes when compared with people of normal weight (BMI 20–25). The risk of premature death increases significantly in cases of morbid obesity (BMI 40+) and super-obesity (BMI 50+). Most of the increased mortality rate from obesity is due to comorbidities like atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke. Other obesity-related health conditions include diabetes, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, obstructive sleep apnea, shortness of breath, asthma attacks, gastroesophageal reflux disease, low back pain, arthritis, heartburn, urinary incontinence, and venous disorders.
How Does Bariatric Surgery Help Weight Loss?
How weight loss surgery work is simple. The bariatric surgeon alters your digestive system (stomach and/or small intestine) to make it impossible for you to eat much food at one sitting without suffering unpleasant side effects such as dumping syndrome. This digestive side effect acts as a brake on calorie intake and typically leads to significant loss of weight in the 2 years after surgery.
Weight Loss Surgery Procedures
Texas Surgical Specialists perform weight loss surgeries, such as the gastric bypass, Lap Band®, and sleeve procedures.