Pelvic organ prolapse can lead to a variety of disorders
Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a downward descent of the female pelvic organs, including the bladder, rectum, uterus if present, upper part of the vagina if the uterus is absent or small bowel resulting in a bulge pressing into or out of the vagina.
Prolapse development can be attributed to the damage, stretching and weakening of the support muscles and ligaments in the female pelvis. These support structures keep the bladder, rectum, small bowel and uterus oriented in the appropriate position. Any event that results in damage to these structures can result in POP.
Factors contributing to pelvic organ prolapse include:
- Child birth
- Pelvic trauma
- Straining (heavy lifting, defecation, chronic coughing)
- Prior surgery for POP