Joint revision surgery can help relieve pain and restore function in joints that have undergone a previous procedure. It's not unusual for artificial hip, shoulder, elbow and knee joints to require revision. Even when the initial outcome of the original replacement procedure is good, the need for revision can arise for a variety of reasons, including:
Normal wear of an artificial joint. Most prostheses have a life of 10 to 20 years. As time passes, an artificial joint may fit less securely and lose effectiveness or break.
Pain. Any pain or discomfort that persists after recovery from a joint procedure may indicate one or more problems and could be a reason to consider revision.
Infection of surrounding tissue. Infection can cause weakness or damage to the joint.
Structural defects. Debris from components of an artificial joint can cause problems.
Musculoskeletal tumors. This serious condition in the joint or surrounding soft tissue can lead to functional impairment.