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Hydrocephalus is an excess of fluid in the brain

Hydrocephalus, once called "water on the brain," occurs when excess fluid builds up in the brain, most often because of an obstruction preventing proper fluid drainage.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) most often occurs in individuals over age 60. It is different than typical hydrocephalus in that it may not cause an obvious increase of pressure inside the head, but may have fluctuations in cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSF) from high to normal to low.​​


Hydrocephalus treatment


If you or an elderly relative have changes in walking, thinking, mood and/or loss of bowel and bladder control, contact your healthcare provider. The Baylor Scott & White Health team will be available to answer quest​ions you may have and help you choose a treatment option.

Treatment plans for patients will ​be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of hydrocephalus, and personal preferences.

  • Shunt
  • Lumbar drain placement​
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