Sometimes, the only care you need for a fibroadenoma is routine imaging and regular checkups. If the fibroadenoma isn’t causing any symptoms and is confirmed to be non-cancerous, your doctor may carefully monitor it instead of removing it. This is especially common if you have a fibroadenoma during hormonal changes, like pregnancy, where it might shrink on its own.
In other cases, you may choose to have a fibroadenoma removed. Your healthcare team might recommend fibroadenoma removal when the lump is large or getting more prominent, if your biopsy results weren’t clear, or if it’s causing symptoms like pain or changes in the shape of the breast.
If you decide to have a fibroadenoma removed, the two most common options are surgery to remove the fibroadenoma and a procedure to freeze the lump.
Excisional breast biopsy is a surgical treatment option for fibroadenoma. During this minimally invasive procedure—a lumpectomy—your surgeon removes the fibroadenoma and a little of the tissue around it.
Cryoablation uses ultrasound imaging guidance, a probe and a special gas to freeze the fibroadenoma tissue and destroy it without surgery.