Surgery is often one of the main treatment options in earlier stages of non-small cell lung cancer. It isn’t a standard treatment for small cell lung cancer. The goal is to remove as much of the lung cancer as possible, and often, these procedures are performed using minimally invasive techniques.
- Segmental or wedge resection: These surgical procedures remove only a segment of a lung lobe or a wedge-shaped area of tissue that contains the lung tumor.
- Lobectomy: A lobectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for lung cancer. It removes the entire lobe where the tumor is located.
- Pneumonectomy: Pneumonectomy is surgery that removes your entire lung on one side. It’s used when the location or spread of the lung cancer doesn’t allow for a lobectomy.
- Sleeve resection: This surgery removes part of a bronchus, one of the large air passages connecting to your windpipe. The remaining end is then reconnected to the lung.
Terapia de radiación
The primary type of radiation therapy for lung cancer is external beam radiation. It uses high-energy rays from a machine outside the body to target specific areas of cancer. It’s sometimes used along with surgery or chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells. In people with advanced lung cancer, radiation therapy is a treatment to manage symptoms.
Stereotactic body radiotherapy
Stereotactic body radiotherapy, also known as radiosurgery, uses highly targeted radiation beams from many different angles to destroy areas of cancer. Unlike traditional radiation therapy, you may only need one or two treatments. It’s more common as a treatment for non-small cell lung cancer, where surgery often isn’t an option.
There are several different types of chemotherapy used to treat lung cancer. These drugs typically work by stopping fast-dividing cancer cells from multiplying. Chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery, especially for non-small cell lung cancer. In small cell lung cancer, chemotherapy is often the primary treatment.
Targeted drug therapy
Targeted drug therapy targets specific abnormalities (or markers) in cancer cells to stop them from growing. As targeted therapies only work on particular cell changes or mutations, you may undergo biomarker testing to decide if these drugs could work on your cancer.
Lung cancer cells may have certain features that prevent your body’s immune system from identifying them as harmful. Immunotherapy utilizes your immune system, helping it recognize and attack cancer cells. This treatment can be used with or without chemotherapy for operable and non-operable lung cancer.
Your care team may recommend supportive palliative care for lung cancer. Palliative care focuses on improving quality of life, managing symptoms and providing additional support services. You may choose to continue other treatment options while receiving palliative care.